Husband: John Pynchon, ( Major) (1 2)
Born: 30 Oct 1624 in Dorchester, England
Married: 26 Oct 1645
Died: 17 Jan 1702/1703 in Springfield, Hampden, Ma
Father:
Mother:
Spouses:
Wife: Amy Wyllys (3)
Born: about 1625 in Fenny Compton, Warwick, England
Died: Jan 1698/1699 in Springfield, Hampden, Ma
Father: George Wyllys, Governor
Mother: Bridget Young
Spouses:
Children
01 (F): Mary Pynchon (4)
Born: 28 Oct 1650 in Springfield, Hampden, Ma
Died: about Oct 1674 in Springfield, Hampden, Ma
Spouses: Joseph Whiting, Captain
Additional Information

John Pynchon, ( Major):

Notes:

from http://www.suffield-library.org/localhistory/index.htm

On October 12, 1670 clearance was granted to John Pynchon of Springfield by the General Court of Massachusetts Bay Colony to settle Stoney Brooke Plantation on land purchased by Pynchon from the Indians.
John Pynchon and a committee of influential members met in January 1670 and drew up the basic guidelines for the establishment of this new town. They began granting land as well and laying out the order of the town by creating High Street and fixing a place for the meeting house to be built. They set rigid regulations that grantees had to abide by and fixed prices of goods for barter. By the end of 1674, thirty-seven families were established in Suffield. In 1675 settlers were forced to flee to Springfield during King Philip’s War. Houses and mills were burned, but settlement resumed in 1676. Suffield remained a Massachusetts town until 1749 when it became a part of Connecticut. Suffield was, for most of its history, primarily a small agriculturally based town. Tobacco put Suffield on the map economically. As in so many Connecticut valley towns, tobacco was an important crop almost right from the beginning. It was the primary crop in the 1800’s and through much of this century. The first cigar factory in the United States was built here in 1810.

From Wayne Olsen:
Info from genealogy of Lillian Hubbard Holch, listed in Compendium ofAmerican Genealogies, found at Mannheim Library.

Listed in LDS Ancestral File, AFN (8PH1-6F). Second listing as AFN(FK9H-SQ), lists him as (COL)"

From "History of Connecticut, Its People and Institutions", by George L.Clark, Putnam 1914.:
p. 121 - John Pynchon, the founder of Springfield, wrote a book in1650 on the Atonement, presenting a view which has since prevailedlargely in New England, and the MA Legislature ordered it burnt, becauseit supposed to be unfair to the Bible.

From "List of Officials of Connecticut and New Haven Colonies":
John PYNCHON (Maj) (d. 1703) Commissioner to NY. Apr 1677(Residency Springfield). Ref: Conn Col II. p. 490.

From unknown family history, section on Pynchons:

He was confirmed LT in the Springfield company, May 1653, andCaptain of the same, Oct 1657; Captain of the Springfield Company ofFoot, June 1663, and in the Expedition against the Dutch 1664;Sergt-Major of the Hampshire County Regt., May 1671, and Major of thesame during King Philip's War; and Colonel by 1691. After serving asDeputy 4 terms, he was elected Assistant to Massachusetts Bay Colony,1665 and re=elected to that office every year (except 1668) to 1686; andafter being councillor under ANDROS, WAS AGAIN assistant, 1693 UNTIL HISDEATH.

From: "The First Century of Springfield, Biographical and Genealogical":

John Pynchon, the only son of the founder of Springfield, was 26years old when his father returned to England. Inheriting the lands hisfather had acquired here and his store of goods, and the specialprivileges which had been granted to him in the way of trade with theIndians, the son at once entered upon a prosperous career, and was placedat the front of every undertaking leading to the development of thecountry, and to the acquisition of wealth. He had from the startopportunities that came to no other inhabitant, and he possessed theability to make the most of favoring circumstances. In both private andpublic concerns he was the leading spirit. He was chosen Selectman in1650, Town Clerk in 1652, appointed Magistrate to try small causes in1653, elected Deputy to the General Court in 1662, and soon afterwardAssistant in the Council , or Upper House, which position he held until1701, almost to the close of his life.

He was appointed by the General Court on the committees to establishthe boundaries of the new towns within the vicinity of Springfield. He,with others, laid out the bounds of Northampton, Hadley, and whatafterwards became Hatfield (purchasing the lands of the Indians),Westfield, Suffield, and Enfield. In short there was no movement of apublic nature in which he was not concerned. Even the names of some ofthe new localities suggest his practical and unsentimental nature. Forinstance, Westfield was so named from the fact that it was a field westof Springfield; Suffield was originally Southfield, from its directionfrom Springfield, but the English habit of contracting the prefix to"suf" for south, curtailed it to Suffield. Enfield was sometimes writtenEndfield, suggesting that it was a field at the end of the town, it beingsupposed at the time that it was within the sphere of MA. It might,however, have derived its name from Enfield, in England. Then at a muchlater date, came the naming of Brimfield, suggested perhaps that the factit was on the brim of the settlement. Brookfield, in which Pynchon had ahand, was probably named for its numerous brooks.

He entered early into the military spirit which had come across theocean as an inheritance. He was confirmed by the General Court in 1653 LTof the training band, in 1657 Captain of the company, and at a later datewas made a Major of the troop, the local cavalry company, with thecommand of the military forces in this region.

The Colonial authorities appear to have had great confidence in hisability and the General Court appointed him on many important committeesrelative to boundary lines, and in 1680 he was sent to Albany to conferwith Sir Edmund Andros, then Governor of New York, concerning thedepredations that the Mohawks were making upon some of our outersettlements, and he succeeded in establishing friendly relations with theIndians, for which our General Court voted him 12 pounds.

The same year he was appointed with Joseph Dudley to establish theboundary line between MA and CT. In 1685 he was one of the committee tomake the final settlement of the boundary line between Springfield andNorthampton. During his long service in the General Court there wasscarcely an important question concerning boundaries or where tact anddiplomacy were needed, that he was not given opportunity to bring about apeaceful settlement.

He was zealous in upholding the religion of his time, but he doesnot appear to have had any of the polemic, or controversial spirit of hisfather. He was too eminently practical to enter into the discussion ofthe different points in theology - possibly from the fact he was deeplyconcerned in trade, and in the accumulation of wealth. Whatever successcame to him he evidently regard as God given. He took part in thereligious observances of the town and at times conducted Sunday services,sometimes by reading and sometimes from his own meditations. During theministry of George Moxon he wrote in a kind of shorthand the leadingpoints in the sermons which are now in possession of the City Library,but it was constructed on no known system of the present.

The great calamity which befell Springfield Oct 5, 1675, the burningof the town by the Indians, occurred while he was at the head of histroops in Hadley, and his desponding letters concerning it, written tothe Rev. John Rusell of Hadley and to the Governor, indicate that he wasgreatly affected and despaired of the ability of the settlement torecover from the affliction that had fallen upon it, but his fears provedgreater than the reality and prosperity came to it in the subsequentyears in the continued upbuilding of the town.

His penmanship was strong and clear, entirely unlike that of hisfather, but he lacked that thorough training that his father hadreceived,which could hardly be otherwise considering he was placed underentirely different conditions in his youth. His recorded transactionslack system and an orderly arrangement in statement,but there is acertain picturesqueness that gives them the color of the times, afreshness that better trained minds sometimes lack. In entering theaccounts in his ledger he frequently accompanied them with bits ofconversation, or statements that enliven a very commonplace transaction,even to describing his leather breeches made for him by John Barber.

He was granted at various times large tracts of land. The Island inthe CT just north of the railroad bridge at Warehouse Point, in CT, wasgiven to him in 1681 by our General Court. He acquired many grants fromthe town as gifts, or for services in the erection of mills, or for otherwork done by him. The grain mill and the sawmill were built and conductedinconsideration of receiving grants of land.

His mercantile transactions extended up and down the Connecticut River in the early years, having purchasers at Northampton and Hadley on the north, and at Windsor, Hartford, Wethersfield, and even New Haven, on the south. His store probably had the largest stock of goods for many years of any within many miles of Springfield. Beaver skins bought of the Indians, or of those who traded with them, were shipped to England, andthey enabled him to purchase goods for his store. Grain was sent down theCT River and around to Boston, but there is nothing to indicate here thatit was shipped to England. He also had some trade with Barbados. Hisstore was the medium of exchange, - goods for labor and produce, and hisshipments abroad enabled him to keep up the supply which was so muchneeded in this frontier settlement. It would require a volume to treat ofJohn Pynchon's transactions in all their fullness, but this glimpse ofthe man will serve to give some idea of his character and work.

Amy Wyllys:

Notes:

From Wayne Olsen: Info from genealogy of Lillian Hubbard Holch, listed in Compendium of American Genealogies, found at Mannheim Library.

Listed in LDS IGI, AFN (8PH1-7L). First name listed as either Amy or Ammie.

Footnotes
  1. Olsen, Wayne, PAF file: Boslow_Anc_Stevens.paf (rec'd via EMail 0n 14 APR 2002).
  2. Henry M. Burt, First Century of Springfield, Biographical and Genealogica, The" (1899).

    JOHN PYNCHON.
    John PYNCHON, son of William, married Amy WILLYS, daughter of Geo. Willys at Hartford, October 30, 1645. His wife, Amy, died January 9, 1699, aged 74. He died January 17, 1703, aged 76.
    John Pynchon, the only son of the founder of Springfield, was 26 years old when his father returned to England. Inheriting the lands his father had acquired here and his store of goods, and the special privileges which had been granted to him in the way of trade with the Indians, the son at once entered upon a prosperous career, and was placed at the front of every undertaking leading to the development of the country, and to the acquisition of wealth. He had from the start opportunities that came to no other inhabitant, and he possessed the ability to make the most of favoring circumstances. In both private and public concerns he was the leading spirit. He was chosen Selectman in 1650. Town Clerk in 1652, appointed Magistrate to try small causes in 1653, elected Deputy to the General Court in 1662, and soon afterward Assistant in the Council, or Upper House, which position he held until 1701, almost to the close of his life.
    He was appointed by the General Court on the committees to establish the boundaries of the new towns within the vicinity of Springfield. He, with others, laid out the bounds of Northampton, Hadley, and what afterwards became Hatfield (purchasing the lands of the Indians), Westfield, Suffield, and Enfield. In short there was no movement of a public nature in which he was not concerned. Even the names of some of the new localities suggest his practical and unsentimental nature. For instance, Westfield was so named from the fact that it was a field west of Springfield; Suffield was originally Southfield, from its direction from Springfield, but the English habit of contracting the prefix to "suf" for south curtailed it to Suffield, Enfield was sometimes written Endfield, suggesting that it was a field at the end of the town, it being supposed at the time that it was within the sphere of Massachusetts. It might, however, have derived its name from Enfield, in England. Then, at a much later date, came the naming of Brimfield, suggested perhaps from the fact it was on the brim of the settlement. Brookfield, in which Pynchon had a hand, was probably named from its numerous brooks. Going north, though Pynchon was not concerned in its beginning, Northfield received its name from its geographical position to the older settlements, and Deerfield, from the fact that its meadows made a good feeding place and were frequented by deer. Sunderland was originally in the Pynchon vernacular Swampfield. The Stony brooks of Suffield and up the Connecticut, received their names from Pynchon. These localities had something about their position sufficient to suggest to his practical mind the names which they received and continue to beat at the present time.
    He entered early into the military spirit which had come across the ocean as an inheritance. He was confirmed by the General Court in 1653 Lieutenant of the training band, in 1657 Captain of the company, and at a later date was made a Major of the troop, the local cavalry company, with the command of the military forces in this region.
    The Colonial authorities appear to have had great confidence in his ability and the General Court appointed him on many important committees relative to boundary lines, and in 1680 he was sent to Albany to confer with Sir Edmund Andros, then Governor of New York, concerning the depredations that the Mohawks were making upon some of our outer settlements, and he succeeded in establishing friendly relations with the Indians, for which our General Court voted him £12.
    The same year he was appointed with Joseph Dudley to establish the boundary line between Massachusetts and Connecticut. In 1685 he was one of the committee to make the final settlement of the boundary line between Springfield and Northampton. During his long service in the General Court there was scarcely an important question concerning boundaries or where tact and diplomacy were needed, that he was not given opportunity to bring about a peaceful settlement.
    He was zealous in upholding the religion of his time, but he does not appear to have had any of the polemic, or controversial spirit of his father. He was too eminently practical to enter into the discussion of the different points in theology,--possibly from the fact he was deeply concerned in trade, and in the accumulation of wealth. Whatever success came to him he evidently regarded as God given. He took part in the religious observances of the town and at times conducted Sunday services, sometimes by reading and sometimes from his own meditations. During the ministry of George Moxon he wrote in a kind of short-hand the leading points in the sermons which are now in possession of the City Library, but it was constructed on no known system of the present.
    The great calmity which befell Springfield October 5, 1675, the burning of the town by the Indians, occurred while he was at the head of his troops in Hadley, and his desponding letters concerning it, written to the Rev. John Russell of Hadley, and to the Governor, indicate that he was greatly affected and despaired of the ability that had fallen upon it, but his fears proved greater than the reality and prosperity came to it in the subsequent years in the continued up-building of the town.
    His penmanship was strong and clear, entirely unlike that of his father, but he lacked that thorough training that his father had received, which could hardly be otherwise considering hewas placed uner entirely different conditions in his youth. His recorded transactions lack system and an orderly arrangment in statement, but there is a certain picturesqueness that gives them the color of the times, a freshness that better trained minds sometimes lack. In entering the accounts in his ledger he frequently accompanied them with bits of conversation, or statements that enliven a very commonplace transaction, even to describing his leather breeches made for him by John Barber.
    He was granted at various times large tracts of land. The Island in the Connecticut just north of the railroad bridge at Warehouse Point, in Connecticut, was given to him in 1681 by our General Court. He acquired many grants from the town as gifts, or for services in the erection of mills, or for other work done by him. The grain mill and the sawmill were built and conducted in consideration of receiving grants of land.
    His mercantile transactions extended up and down the Connecticut in the early years, having purchasers at Northampton and Hadley on the north, and at Windsor, Hartford, Wethersfield, and even New Haven, on the south. His store probably had the largest stock of goods for many years of any within many miles of Springfield. Beaver skins bought of the Indians, or of those who traded with them, were shipped to England, and they enabled him to purchase goods for his store. Grain was sent down the Connecticut and around to Boston, but there is nothing to indicate here that it was shipped to England. He also had some trade with Barbadoes. His store was the medium of exchange,--goods for labor and produce, and his shipments abroad enabled him to keep up the supply which was so much needed in this frontier settlement. It would require a volume to treat of John Pynchon's transactions in all their fullness, but this glimpse of the man will serve to give some idea of his character and work. His children were:--
    Joseph, b. July 26, 1646, d. unmarried December 30, 1682. John, b. October 15, 1647, m. Margaret HUBBARD. Mary, b. October 2, 1650, m. Joseph WHITING. William, b. October 11, 1653, d. June 15, 1654. Mehitable, b. november 22, 1661, d. July 24, 1663.

  3. Olsen, Wayne, PAF file: Boslow_Anc_Stevens.paf (rec'd via EMail 0n 14 APR 2002).
  4. Olsen, Wayne, Sheldon Family Line, The (Received via EMail 12 APR 2002).
Surnames | Index

Revised: November 26, 2016