Wife: Elizabeth Dumbleton (4)
Born: 20 Mar 1698/1699
Died: before 1767
Served in Father Rasle's War. See Source Ne-Do-Ba for more info on this event.
Per Wayne Olsen:
From "A History of Deerfield", by George Sheldon: Benjamin was a soldier under Capt. Benjamin Wright in Father Rasle's war; settled at Suffield; soldier at the capture of Cape Breton; came home sick and died Aug 1752.
WESTBROOK LETTER 1722 - Learned
What I have learned about the places.
Piscataqua - The name of a river which runs through both New Hampshire and Maine. The sight of rich marine resources in the 17th and 18th centuries, with a booming fishing industry, oysters, clams and lobsters in abundance, and lumber was the reason that saw mills and ship building were set up at the river. "A merchant in 1750 noted that salmon weren't returning to the Piscataqua as much as in the past because of sawdust from the saw mills choking the water ways." In addition, Piscataqua, according to the Ne-Do-Ba is also the modern day Portsmouth New Hampshire region.
St. George's - a location both in Maine and in New Brunswick.
Arrowsic(k) - an island located near Georgetown Maine.
Fort Penobscot - According to the Maine State Archives this fort was originally named Fort Pentagoet. It was built in 1635 by the French to protect their title to the Penobscot River. In 1674, the fort was captured by the English and in 1689 it was taken by Governor Andros. Finally in 1722 or 1723 it was burned by Thomas Westbrook(e). The State Archives got this information from "Maine Forts" p. 237 published in 1924. According to the Maine Public Television Station Quest Program #201, Fort Pentagoet was in the Castine area and was the capital of French Acadia. There it lay buried under the back lawn of a small church until 1980. Archaeologists revealed half of the fort leaving the rest possibly for future archaeologists to uncover. In this account, the fort was built by the French and burned by the Dutch. Since we will be viewing that part of the video concerning this fort, I will let the video tell you what else has been discovered from this source. [The Video is not part of this web site version.] The Ellsworth Area Chamber of Commerce in Castine states the fort was established by French traders one of whom was Jean St. Castin and according the Ms. Lecompte this fort was probably built at the expense of the Castine family for the protection of their personal property. Both Ms. Lecompte and the "Handbook of North American Indians" state the Jean-Vincent D'abbadie de Saint-Catin married the daughter of the Penobscot Sagamore Madockawando (Chief Madockowando). The "Handbook of North American Indians" states that the trader Castin settled there in 1670.
The Garrison at St. George's - I neglected (totally missed) to look for this place and except what Ms. Lecompte sent, which will be discussed, I have no other information.
What I learned about the people.
Coll. Walton - I was not able to find out anything about Coll. Walton nor any of the other individuals referred to in the letter. I did find a Capt. Walton listed as wounded in a 1690 letter from Benjamin Church to his superiors. The letter is published on the Ne-Do-Ba web site. There is however no way to tell if this is the same person.
King George - The King of England in 1722.
Sabastien Rasles (Rales) - Although this Jesuit Father is not mentioned in the letter he is a profound figure in the Wabanaki history. According to the "Columbia Encyclopedia, 5th Edition", this missionary could have been born in 1657. He arrived in Maine in 1689 and lived with the Abenaki and the Illinois tribes. He wrote a French/Abenaki dictionary that was lost in an English raid in 1721. It was not published until 1833. Father Rasles died in 1724 in another English raid. A fryar, two Frenchmen, 180 men, and 500 or 600 Indians at Arrowsic- It is likely impossible to identify exactly who these people are. The friar could be Father Rales as offered by Ms. Lecompte and the Frenchmen could be the sons of Baron Castine. I believe the Indians are [Wabanaki].
What I learned about the time period.
There was a fierce struggle over control and ownership of the land. The French wanted to hold on to lands they had claimed. The English wanted to take the lands the French had claimed as their own. The Native Americans wanted to retain their land and stop both the French and the English from claiming any of it.
What I learned about the events.
Dummer's War according the Waterboro Public Library, "The History of Maine", lasted from 1722 until 1725 and marked the peak in Indian warfare in Maine. "Before this, aggressors upon the defenseless and weak hamlets, now the Indians themselves were hunted." Old Town and Eddington Bend were burned and Norridgewock was the site of great slaughter where Father Rale was killed. In Lovewell's fight at Fryeburg in May of 1725 a little band of English soldiers surrounded and outnumbered held out against a large band and practically broke it up. After this Indian warfare in Maine was periodic and after the defeat of the French at Quebec, it terminated altogether. When the French joined the colonists in the Revolution, the Maine Indians became friendly and have never upset the peace of their white neighbors.Dummer's War according to "Handbook of North American Indians" by William C. Sturtevant, Eastern Abenaki by Dean R. Snow, lasted from 1721 to 1725 and involved three English treaties, one in 1725, one in 1726 and one in 1727. The war is sometimes called Rale's war or inappropriately Lovewell's war. The term Lovewell's War is derived from a minor battle involving Capt. Lovewell, which has been preserved with more falsehood than truth. The English destroyed the village at Old Town and the Jesuit Sebastien Rale's was killed near the end of the war in 1724. It was an unusual colonial war because it was not paralleled by a simultaneous European conflict. "Although the Penobscot could not claim victory in the war, they had managed to establish their own navy with captured vessels in 1724, and the English recognized them as still powerful." From this time on, all surviving Wabanaki people in New England and the Maritimes were represented by the Penobscot, including the Maliseet-Passamaquoddy, Micmac, and eventually the Huron and Ottawa.Dummer's War according to "Abenaki History" by Lee Sultzman, reports that Massachusetts governor Samuel Shuttle declared war on the Abenaki in 1722 after several incidences of violence. The war is known as Dummer's War, Grey Lock's War, Lovewell's War or Father Rasles' War. The war lasted until 1727 and included the burning of Norridgewock in Maine, the death and mutilation of Father Rasles. "The fighting continued in the west, however, for another two years in what could be considered a separate, but related conflict - Grey Lock's War (1723-1727). A member of the Pocumtuc who had found refuge in New York after the King Philip's War, Grey Lock (Wawanotewat "he who fools others") had left Schaghticook and joined the Sokoki at Missisquoi." Grey Lock was absent from the treaty signing at Montreal in July of 1727 but ended the war shortly afterward. Sultzman states that the war ended in the defeat of the eastern Abenaki.Dummer's War according to Nancy Lecompte of Ne-Do-Ba lasted from 1722 to 1727 and is also called Lovewell's War, and Grey Lock's War. The English destroyed Norridgewock and the fort at Penobscot and resulted in the death of Father Rales. "I believe that many saw the futility of war and simply made the choice to stop fighting - they were NEVER DEFEATED in any of these wars (and only occasionally lost battles) but they always seemed to lose when it came time to sign treaties."According to the Insiders' Guide: "History, Maine's Mid-Coast" Dummer's War resulted in the destroying of Norridgewock and the death of Father Rales, but also the defeat of the Wabanaki. "With their settlement destroyed and their protector, the Jesuit Fr. Rasle, murdered, the tribes were more or less defeated."
Revised: November 26, 2016