Husband: "Plantagenet" Henry II, King of England,"Plantagenet" (1)
Born: 25 Mar 1133 in Le Mans, Sarthe, France
Married: 18 May 1153 in Bordeaux, Gironde, France
Died: 06 Jul 1189 in Chinon, Tours, France
Father: Geoffrey Plantagenet, Count of Anjou
Mother: Empress of Germany Matilda, Queen of England, Empress of Germany
Born: 1122 in Chateau de Belin, Aquitiane, France
Died: 31 Mar 1204 in Poitiers, Poitou, Aquitiane, France
01 (M): Richard the Lionheart, KOE (4)
Born: 08 Sep 1157 in Beaumont Palace, England
Died: 06 Apr 1199 in Chateau Gaillard, Normandy
"Plantagenet" Henry II, King of England,"Plantagenet":
When Henry II married Eleanor he acquired Normandy and Aquitaine, together amounting to half of modern France.
He was the first Plantagenet King, the name acquired through his father.
He ruled as King of England 1154 to 1189.
Henry's greatest contribution to English culture was the development of courts and trials which moved the country on a path away from trial by ordeal and toward trial by law.
Henry is also remembered for the murder of his good friend and antagonist Thomas a Becket. Henry believed the king was more powerful than the church. Becket, the Archbishop of Canterbury, said the church was more powerful than the king. Some of King Henry's men murdered Thomas in his church in 1170.
(01) Richard the Lionheart, KOE:
Richard was King of England from 6 JUL 1189 until his death.
He led the Third Crusade.
In the Robin Hood stories Richard is the "Good" king, but he actually spent very little time in England and did not speak English.
Eleanor of Aquitaine (or Aliénor), and Gascony and Countess of Poitou was one of the wealthiest and most powerful women in Europe during the High Middle Ages .
Eleanor was Queen consort of both Louis VII of_France and Henry II of_England in turn, and the mother of two kings of England, Richard I of_England and John of_England. She is well known for her involvement in the Second Crusade .
Revised: November 26, 2016